Bermuda Lichens

The lichens & lichenicolous fungi of the Bermuda Isles

Checklist of Bermuda lichens & lichenicolous fungi (under construction)

Revised: 04 June 2014

[NB: "#" indicates a lichenicolous fungus; ## indicates an allied, non-lichen fungus]

[204 taxa total]

Amandinea efflorescens (Müller Arg.) Marbach

Amandinea endachroa (Malme) Marbach

Amandinea extenuata (Müller Arg.) Marbach

Amandinea leucomela (Imshaug) P. May & Sheard

Amandinea pleiospora

Amandinea polyspora (Willey ex Tuck.) E. Lay & P. May

Amandinea submontana Marbach

Angiactis bermudensis LaGreca

Anisomeridium tamarindi (Fée) R.C. Harris

Arthonia antillarum (Fée) Nyl.

Arthonia parantillarum Aptroot

Arthonia polymorpha Ach.
[Syn. Arthonia polymorphoides Nyl. apud Crombie (Crombie 1877: 216-217).]

Arthonia rubella (Fée) Nyl.
[Syn. Arthonia rubella (Fée) Nyl. var. inferiuscula Nyl. in Crombie (1877: 215).]
[Syn. Arthonia velata Stirton nom. illeg., Jour. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 372. 1874.]

Arthonia sp.1113 in Harris (1995)

Arthonia cf. pulveracea Müller Arg.

Arthonia cf. zwackhii Sandst.

Arthopyrenia cinchonae (Ach.) Müller Arg.

Arthopyrenia gregale R.C. Harris

Arthopyrenia minor R.C. Harris

Bacidia arceutina (Ach.) Arnold

Bacidia circumspecta (Nyl. ex Vainio) Malme

Bacidia friesiana (Hepp) Körb.

Bacidia heterochroa (Müller Arg.) Zahlb.

Bacidia laurocerasi (Delise ex Duby) Zahlb.

Bacidia medialis (Tuck. ex Nyl.) B. de Lesd.

Bacidia cf. subcircumspecta Coppins
[?Syn. Lecidea semiusta Stirton, 1874: 371]

Bacidia subturgidula (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Bacidina brittoniana (Riddle) LaGreca & Ekman comb. nov.
[Syn. Bilimbia brittoniana Riddle, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 43: 152. 1916.]
[Syn. Bacidina varia Ekman, Opera Botanica 127: 124. 1996.]

Bacidina pallidocarnea (Müller Arg.) Vêzda

Bactrospora denticulata (Vain.) Egea & Torrente

Bactrospora myriadea (Fée) Egea & Torrente

Baculifera micromera (Vain.) Marbach

Bagliettoa baldensis (A. Massal.) Vězda in Poelt & Vězda
[Syn. Verrucaria baldensis A. Massal.]

Bagliettoa calciseda (DC.) Gueidan & Cl. Roux

[Syn. Verrucaria ruderella Nyl. in Crombie 1877]

Botryolepraria lesdainii (Hue) Canals, Hernández-Mariné, Gómez-Bolea & Llimona

Buellia griseovirens (Turner & Borrer ex Sm.) Almb.

Byssoloma chlorinum (Vainio) Zahlb.

Byssoloma leucoblepharum (Nyl.) Vainio

Byssoloma subdiscordans (Nyl.) P. James

Caloplaca dichroa Arup

Caloplaca epiphora (Tayl.) Dodge

Caloplaca floridana (Tuck.) Tucker

Caloplaca flavorubescens (Huds.) J.R. Laundon

Caloplaca holocarpa (Hoffm.) A.E. Wade.

Caloplaca sarcopisoides (Korb.) Zahlbr.

Canoparmelia martinicana (Nyl.) Elix & Hale

Catillaria modesta (Mull. Arg.) Coppins

Celothelium aciculiferum (Nyl.) Vainio

Chrysothrix cf. xanthina (Vain.) Kalb

Cladonia peziziformis (With.) Laundon

Cladonia subradiata (Vainio) Standst.
[listed as “Cladonia turgida Ehrh. ex Hoffm.” in Stirton 1874, and as “Cladonia fibula Ach.” in Crombie 1877.]

Cladonia subsquamosa Kremp.
[Syn. Cladonia acuminata (Ach.) Norrl. var. hebescens Nyl. in Crombie (1877: 214).]

Clathroporina isidiifera R.C. Harris

Clauzadea metzleri (Körb.) Clauzade & Cl. Roux ex D. Hawksw.

Coccocarpia palmicola (Sprengel) Arvids. & Galloway

Coenogonium interplexum Nyl.

Collema ceraniscum Nyl.

Collema furfuraceum (Arnold) Du Rietz

Collema nigrescens (Hudson) DC.

Collema pulcellum Ach. var. subnigrescens (Mull. Arg.)
[Listed as as Collema (Synechoblastus) vespertilio (Lightf.) Hoffm. in Smith & Lamb 1936].

Collema pustulatum Ach.
[Syn. Collema bermudanum Tuck. ex Riddle; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 155. 1916.]

Collema thamnodes Tuck. ex Riddle

Collemopsidium sublitorale (Leight.) Grube & B.D. Ryan

Cratiria lauricassiae (Fée) Marbach

Crypothecia striata Thor

Dimerella luteola Kalb

Diploicia canescens (Dicks.) A. Massal

Dirinaria applanata (Fée) Awashti

Dirinaria confusa Awashti

Dirinaria picta (Swartz) Clement & Shear

Dyplolabia afzelii (Ach.) A. Massal.

Endocarpon petrolepideum (Nyl.) Hasse

Enterographa anguinella (Nyl.) Redinger

Enterographa multilocularis (Müller Arg.) Sparrius

Enterographa pallidella (Nyl.) Redinger

Fellhanera rhizophorae F. Berger & Lücking

Fissurina cf. subnitidula (Nyl.) Staiger

Glyphis cicatricosa Ach.
[Listed as Glyphis achariana Tuck. in Riddle 1916].

Glyphis scyphulifera (Ach.) Staiger

Graphis cf. apertella Archer

Graphis hossei Vainio

Graphis leptoclada Mull. Arg.

Graphis lineola Ach.

Graphis pavoniana Fée
[Syn. Graphis nematodes Stirton; Jour. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 372. 1874.]

Graphis pinicola Zahlbr.

Graphis tenella Ach.

Haematomma persoonii (Fée) A. Massal.

Hafellia bahiana (Malme) Sheard

Hafellia disciformis (Fr.) Marbach & H. Mayrhofer

Heterodermia albicans (Pers.) Swinsc. & Krog

Heterodermia obscurata (Nyl.) Trev.

Heterodermia pseudospeciosa (Kurak.) W.L. Culb.

Hyperphyscia adglutinata (Flörke) Mayrh. & Poelt

Hyperphyscia minor (Fée) D.D. Awasthi

Ionaspis tropica Aptroot

##Julella geminella (Nyl.) R.C. Harris

##Julella lactea (A. Massal.) M.E. Barr

#Laeviomyces sp.

Lecanora bermudensis Nyl.
[Syn. Lecanora praeferenda (Nyl.) Nyl. in Hue, Nouv. Archiv du Mus., ser. 3, 3: 63 (1891).]
[Syn. Lecanora albella var. praeferenda Nyl., Ann. Sci Nat. Bot. Ser. 5, 7: 312 (1867).]

Lecanora caesiorubella Ach. var. glaucomodes (Nyl.) Imshaug & Brodo
[Syn. Lecanora glaucomodes Nyl. var. conflectens Nyl. in Crombie (1877: 215).]
[Syn. Lecanora angulosa Nyl. var. albo-pruinosa Stirton (1874: 371).]

Lecanora chlaronella Nyl.

Lecanora helva Stizenb.

Lecanora leprosa Fée

Lecanora symmicta (Ach.) Ach.

Lempholemma lingulatum (Tuck.) Henssen

Leptogium austroamericanum (Malme) C.W. Dodge

Leptogium azureum (Sw.) Mont.

Leptogium chloromelum (Ach.) Nyl.

Leptogium aff. corticola (Taylor) Tuck.

Leptogium denticulatum Nyl.
[Listed as Leptogium tremelloides Mont. var. mesotomum in Stirton 1874.]

Leptogium millegranum Sierk

Leptogium tenuissimum (Dicks.) Korber

#Lichenoconium lecanorae (Jaap.) D. Hawksw.

#Lichenodiplis fallaciosa (Hafellner & Kalb) Diederich

#Lichenodiplis lecanorae (Vouaux) Dyko & D. Hawksw.

#Lichenodiplis pertusariicola (Nyl.) Diederich

Lithothelium bermudense F. Berger, LaGreca & Aptroot

Malmidea vinosa (Eschw.) Kalb, Rivas Platas & Lumbsch

[Syn. Lecidea caliginosa Stirton in Stirton, Jour. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 370 (1874).]

#Minutoexcipula lecanorae

#Muellerella thalamita (Nyl.) D. Hawksw., F. Berger & LaGreca comb. nov.
[Syn. Endococcus thalamita Nyl., in Crombie, Journ. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 217. 1877.]

Mycoporum eschweileri (Müller Arg.) R.C. Harris

Mycoporum sparsellum Nyl.

Nadvornikia hawaiiensis (Tuck.) Tibell

Nadvornikia sorediata R.C. Harris

Opegrapha aurantiaca B. De Lesd.

Opegrapha bonplandi Fée

Opegrapha calcarea Turner ex Small

Opegrapha longissima Müller Arg.

Opegrapha vulgata Ach.

Opegrapha vulgata Ach. var. subsiderella Nyl.

Orcularia insperata (Nyl.) Kalb & Giralt

Orcularia placodiomorpha (Vainio) Kalb & Giralt

Parmotrema cristiferum (Taylor) Hale

Parmotrema peralbidum (Hale) Hale

Parmotrema reticulata (Taylor) Hale

Parmotrema tinctorum (Del. ex Nyl.) Hale
[Listed as Parmelia tiliacea (Hoffm.) Ach. var. scortea Ach. in Stirton, 1874: 370.]

Parmotrema ultralucens (Krog) Hale

Paulia cubana (Tuck.) Henssen

Paulia gibbosa Henssen

Paulia myriocarpa (Zahlbr.) Henssen
[Listed as Thyrea cubana in Smith & Lamb 1936.]

Paulia rhizophora Henssen

Paulia tessellata Henssen

Petractis farlowii (Tuck. ex Nyl.) Vezda

##Peridiothelia fuliguncta (Norm.) D. Hawksw.

Pertusaria consocians Dibben

Pertusaria leucostoma (Bersch.) A. Massal.

Pertusaria pustulata (Ach.) Duby
[Listed as Pertusaria melaleuca (Turner & Borrer) Duby]

Pertusaria sinusmexicani Dibben

Pertusaria xanthodes Müller Arg.
[Listed as Pertusaria pustulata (Ach.) Duby in Crombie, 1877: 216; as Pertusaria melaleuca (Turner & Borrer) Duby in Stirton, 1874: 371; and also listed as Pertusaria lutescens (Eschw.) Kremp. in Riddle 1916.]

Phaeographis inusta (Ach.) Müller Arg.

Phaeographis lobata (Eschw.) Müller Arg.
[Challenger Expedition specimens misidentified as Phaeographis (Graphis) punctiformis (Eschw.) Müll. Arg. in Stirton, 1874: 372.]

Phaeographis sericea (Eschw.) Müller Arg

Physcia aipolia (Ehrh. ex Hampe) Fürnr.
[Listed as Physcia integrata var. sorediosa Vainio in Riddle 1916, as Physcia stellaris (L.) Nyl. in Stirton, 1874: 370, and as Physcia obsessa (Mont.) Nyl. in Crombie, 1877: 215.]

Physcia atrostriata Moberg

Physcia crispa Nyl.

Physcia neogaea R.C. Harris

Physcia phaea (Tuck.) J.W. Thomson

Physcia sorediosa (Vainio) Lynge

Physcia stellaris (L.) Nyl.

Physcia tenuis Moberg

Placynthium stenophyllum (Tuck.) Zahlbr.

Porina aenea (Wallr.) Zahlb.

Porina atlantica (Erichs.) P.M.Jörg.

Porina borreri (Trevisan) D. Hawksw.

Porina internigrans (Nyl.) Mull. Arg.

Porina leptalea (Durieux et Mont.) A.L. Sm.

Porina nucula Ach.

Porina subinterstes (Nyl.) Mull. Arg.

Protoparmelia isidiata Diederich, Aptroot & Sérusiaux

Pseudosagedia cestrensis (Tuck. ex Michener) R.C. Harris

Pyrenocollema farlowii (Riddle) R.C. Harris

[Syn. Thelidium farlowii Riddle in Riddle 1916.]
[Syn. Verrucaria farlowii Tuckerman ined.]

Pyrenula acutalis R.C. Harris

Pyrenula cerina Eschw.
[Listed as Pyrenula aurantiaca Fée in Riddle 1916.]

Pyrenula cocoes Müller Arg.

Pyrenula concatervans (Nyl.) Müller Arg.

Pyrenula confinis (Nyl.) R.C. Harris

Pyrenula cruenta (Mont.) Vain.

Pyrenula ochroflavescens (Nyl.) R.C. Harris

Pyrenula septicollaris (Eschw.) R.C. Harris

Pyrgillus cubanus Nyl.

Pyxine eschweileri (Tuck.) Vainio

Pyxine subcinerea Stirton

Ramalina complanata (Sw.) Ach.

Ramalina denticulata Nyl.

Ramalina denticulata Nyl. var. bermudiana (Stirton) LaGreca
[Syn. Ramulina [Ramalina] bermudiana Stirton in Stirton 1874.]

Rinodina colobinoides (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Sarcographa tricosa (Ach.) Müller Arg.

#Sphinctrina tubiformis A. Massal.

#Stigmidium phaeographidis

Strigula americana R.C. Harris

Strigula bermudana (Tuck. ex Nyl.) R.C. Harris

Strigula phaea (Ach.) R.C. Harris

Stromatella bermudana (Riddle) Henssen

Toninia bermudana F. Berger

#Tremella ramalinae Died.

Verrucaria amylacea Hepp

Verrucaria anceps Kremp.

Verrucaria aquatilis Mudd

Verrucaria fusconigrescens Nyl.

Verrucaria halizoa Leighton

Verrucaria parmigerella Zahlb.

Verrucaria cf. viridula (Schrader) Ach.

#Xenonectriella leptateae (J. Steiner) Rossman & Lowen
 

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith